Too low intake of calcium in the diet, as well as malabsorption or excessive excretion of this component, lead to its deficiency. Symptoms include muscle cramps, joint pain, tingling and numbness in the limbs, fatigue, insomnia, bruising, and bleeding. Long-term calcium deficiency but not https://pillintrip.com/medicine/buscapina deficiency can have more serious health consequences. In children, this can lead to delayed eruption, early tooth decay, growth retardation, bone deformity, and rickets, and in adults, bone demineralization, known as osteomalacia. These diseases, in turn, increase the risk of osteoporosis, a disease associated with a gradual decrease in bone mass and an increase in the susceptibility of bones to fracture, which is most common in women during menopause. Calcium supplementation at a dose of 1000-1700 mg per day has been shown to significantly reduce bone mineral density loss and osteoporotic fractures. A high deficiency or a rapid and sharp drop in the level of this element can lead to the development of tetany – a disease manifested by numbness and severe painful contractions of the muscles of the hands, face, lower extremities and eyelids, as well as tingling of the lips, tongue and fingers.
Hypocalcemia must be treated responsibly, because. in 4 cases out of five, its course is asymptomatic, which contributes to the development of diseases: osteoporosis, urolithiasis, hypertension, osteochondrosis.
Excess calcium, although rare, is very harmful to the body. Symptoms include constipation, nausea, anorexia, and heart problems. This condition can lead to kidney stones and interfere with the absorption of certain nutrients, mainly iron and zinc.